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The First Satellite

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The world's first artificial Earth satellite, a Soviet spacecraft launched into orbit on October 4, 1957
The code designation of the satellite is "ПС-1" ("The Simplest Sputnik-1"). The launch was carried out from the 5th Tyura-Tam research site of the USSR Ministry of Defense (which later received the open name of the Baikonur cosmodrome) on a Sputnik launch vehicle, created on the basis of the R-7 intercontinental ballistic missile.
The launch of Sputnik-1 became the start of the Space Age of mankind